Keston Institute

Resources for the studies of communist countries and religious affairs

Read in English Read in Russian

 

Encyclopaedia

In the early 1990s Xenia Dennen brought back from Moscow some spravki (reports) on some Russian Orthodox dioceses written by Sergei Filatov, a scholar from Moscow’s Oriental Institute, and showed them to Michael Bourdeaux, then director of Keston Institute.

These spravki formed the beginning of a major twelve-year project to produce an Encyclopaedia about religious life in Russia today. Michael Bourdeaux found their contents fascinating and felt that here was an opportunity to make a detailed study of the religious situation in Russia which should not be missed, knowing from experience how quickly official attitudes towards religion could change and how open doors could suddenly slam shut. Perestroika, after all, might not last forever – as now indeed seems to be the case with the growth of a more authoritarian regime under Putin and now Medvedev.

The Encyclopaedia’s full title is Religious Life in Russia Today: A Systematic Description. Currently it is only available in Russian: Part I Современная религиозная жизнь России. Опыт систематического описания. Логос, Vol.1, 2004. – 328pp; Vol.2, 2003. – 480pp; Vol.3, 2005. – 464pp; Vol.4, 2006. – 366pp. Part II Атлас современной религиозной жизни России, М.; СПБ: Летний сад, Vol.1, 2005. – 621pp; Vol.2, 2006. – 686pp; Vol.3, 2008. – 836pp.

The research has been carried out by a Russian team based in Moscow. In the autumn of 2008 the seventh and final volume was published in Russian. These seven volumes form two parts: Part I, Volumes 1 - 4, covers all the religious denominations which exist in Russia. Each denomination is studied under the following subject headings:

  1. organisational structure
  2. short history
  3. basic doctrines, current theological position
  4. number of members, churches
  5. geographical distribution
  6. national composition
  7. mass media outlets and publications
  8. educational institutions
  9. monasteries (where relevant)
  10. social and charitable bodies
  11. economic position
  12. bibliography

Volume 1 covers Orthodoxy (the Moscow Patriarchate, the Free Orthodox Church, the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, the Catacomb or True Orthodox Church); Old Believers; Spiritual Christianity (Dukhobors , Molokans); Armenian Apostolic Church; Oriental Orthodox (Syrian); Catholic Church.

Volume 2 covers Protestant denominations: Anglicans; Lutherans; Reformed Church; Methodists; Baptists and Evangelical Christians; Plymouth Brethren; Pentecostals and Charismatics; Christian Scientists; Jehovah’s Witnesses; Mormons; The Church of Christ (Boston movement); Etika povedeniya (Behaviour Ethics).

Volumes 3 & 4 contain information on all non-Christian religions, for example, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, the Rerikh movement, the Vissarionovites, the White Brotherhood, paganism.

Part II, Volumes 1-3 is a geographical survey covering all 78 administrative ‘subekty’ in the Russian Federation. These volumes study the religious make-up of each oblast, krai and republic, which are listed in alphabetical order. Historical background is provided as well as the latest information on each denomination’s structure and activities, church-state relations, interdenominational relations and local intellectual life, with addresses, telephone numbers, websites and e-mail addresses listed wherever possible.

This project has been described as a work of social-anthropology rather than a sociological study. Some suggested that the metaphor of entomology or philately be used to describe it, as the methods used were likened to stamp collecting or explorations with butterfly nets. The Encyclopaedia team carried out thousands of interviews, in addition to studying published sources, press articles, secular and confessional reports, and have travelled to every corner of the Russian Federation. This is the first time that such a piece of research has been carried out.

Part I volumes 1 - 4 can be obtained from universitas@mail.ru and Part II volumes 1-3 from letsad@mail.ru.

Contact us here

Read More Here

(Left to right)  Xenia Dennen, Sergei Filatov, Roman Lunkin, Olga Fadina, Anatoli Pchelintsev and Boris Knorre at the Moscow book launch

(Left to right) Xenia Dennen, Sergei Filatov, Roman Lunkin, Olga Fadina, Anatoli Pchelintsev and Boris Knorre at the Moscow book launch

The final volume of Keston’s Encyclopaedia Religious Life in Russia Today was presented to the press and the academic world at the Slavic Centre for Law and Justice in Moscow on 14 January 2009. The Centre’s Director, Anatoli Pchelintsev, opened the proceedings by praising the work of the Encyclopaedia team, stressing the exceptional value of their fieldwork, and then presented Keston’s Chairman with an honorary doctorate ‘for an outstanding contribution to the establishing of civil society and the defence of freedom of conscience and religion’. About 40 people were present, including the religious correspondent of Izvestia who published an article about the Encyclopaedia on the following day. Olga Fadina, the publisher, expressed her delight at seeing her dream come true, adding that she hoped the Encyclopaedia would reach people in the Russian provinces. Professor Shaburov (Comparative Religion Department of the Russian State Humanities University), Professor Alexei Malashenko (Moscow Carnegie Centre), Bishop Künzel (Lutheran Church), Diane McKelvey (First Secretary, British Embassy), correspondents from Blagovest and Protestant, the editor of Ezhednevnyi zhurnal, Alexander Ignatenko (President of the Institute of Religion and Politics), Evgeni Rashkovsky (head of the religious literature section of the Library of Foreign Literature) and Professor Anatoli Krasikov (Director of the Centre for the Study of Religion and Society, Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Sciences) were among those present. Xenia Dennen chaired the meeting, starting with a brief speech, and handed over to Sergei Filatov, head of the Encyclopaedia team. Roman Lunkin then spoke followed by the publisher, Olga Fadina. Professor Anatoli Krasikov praised the Encyclopaedia in fulsome terms and Evgeni Rashkovsky described the Encyclopaedia as synchronised history where you could see Russia's spiritual history in action.

Launch of Encyclopaedia Team’s New Collection of Essays

Left to right (top table): Sergei Filatov, Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen and Boris Knorre at the Europe Institute, Moscow, when a new publication by the Encyclopaedia team was launched.

Left to right (top table): Sergei Filatov, Roman Lunkin,
Xenia Dennen and Boris Knorre at the Europe Institute, Moscow, when a new publication by the Encyclopaedia team was launched.

On Saturday 28 January 2012 a new collection of essays on the religious situation in Russia, edited by Sergei Filatov and entitled Religia i Rossiiskoe mnogoobrazie (Religion and Russian Diversity) was launched at the Europe Institute in Moscow.

Most of the essays in this collection have been written by members of Keston’s Encyclopaedia team apart from three contributions from other experts. The collection is composed of six sections: 1) “Religion, society and power in Russia”; 2) “Local government and religious believers; 3) “The ROC: diversity behind a monolithic mask”; 4) “The results of 20 years of freedom for minorities”; 5) “New religions, familiar ideas”; 6) “Views from outside”.

Keston’s chairman, Xenia Dennen, was present and spoke about the work of the team in which she had participated for the past 12 years. Sergei Filatov, head of the team, chaired the meeting, while Roman Lunkin outlined the immense variety of religious expression and affiliation as well as the complexity of the contemporary religious situation in Russia as presented in Religia i Rossiiskoe mnogoobrazie. Among those present at the launch were journalists from Blagovest-info, Ogonyok and Argumenty i fakty, as well as from a Christian radio station which filmed the proceedings and interviewed Xenia Dennen, Sergei Filatov and Roman Lunkin. Copies of the collection can be ordered from the publisher, Letnii Sad, letsad@mail.ru.

 

Reviews

Encyclopaedia team in Elista (capital of Kalmykia), March 2015.

Encyclopaedia team in Elista (capital of Kalmykia), March 2015.

 

Team in Galich, 500 km north-east of Moscow, on field trip to Kostroma oblast in January 2015.

Team in Galich, 500 km north-east of Moscow, on field trip to Kostroma oblast in January 2015.

 

Field trip to Volgograd, January 2013: team in front of the bombed remains of a redbrick mill from the Battle of Stalingrad, preserved beside the local museum.

Field trip to Volgograd, January 2013: team in front of the bombed remains of a redbrick mill from the Battle of Stalingrad, preserved beside the local museum.

 

The Encyclopaedia team in Siberia, June 2012 (Ulan-Ude, Buryatia)

The Encyclopaedia team in Siberia, June 2012 (Ulan-Ude, Buryatia)

 

Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen & Sergei Filatov in Ivanovo (300km north-east of Moscow) in June 2011

Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen & Sergei Filatov in Ivanovo (300km north-east of Moscow) in June 2011

 

Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen & Sergei Filatov in front of the Annunciation Cathedral in Voronezh in January 2011

Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen & Sergei Filatov in front of the Annunciation Cathedral in Voronezh in January 2011

 

Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen & Sergei Filatov visit the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God, known as the Korennaya Pustyn 30 km from Kursk, during a fieldtrip in March 2010

Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen & Sergei Filatov visit the Monastery of the Holy Mother of God, known as the Korennaya Pustyn 30 km from Kursk, during a fieldtrip in March 2010

The Encyclopaedia team (left to right) Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen, and Sergei Filatov in the St Nicholas Monastery on the edge of Rylsk, a small town 120 km west of Kursk in southern Russia, near the Ukrainian border (March 2010).

The Encyclopaedia team (left to right) Roman Lunkin, Xenia Dennen, and Sergei Filatov in the St Nicholas Monastery on the edge of Rylsk, a small town 120 km west of Kursk in southern Russia, near the Ukrainian border (March 2010).

 

Below are links to Russian chapters from the introductory book in the series.

Оглавление

1. Майкл Бурдо. Предисловие
(Перевод с английского Нины Беляковой).

2. Лоуренс Юззелл. Проблема свободы религии в современнойРоссии
(Перевод с английского Нины Беляковой).

3. Сергей Филатов, Роман Лункин. Православие по-поморски и по-новгородски.

4. Сергей Филатов. Религиозная жизнь Поволжья. Прагматичное христианство.

5. Сергей Филатов. Особенности религиозной жизни Карелии.

6. Сергей Филатов. Евразийство и Религиозная жизнь Татарстана.

7. Сергей Филатов. Религия и общество в Башкортостане.

8. Сергей Филатов. Языческое возрождение – поволжская религиозная альтернатива.

9. Сергей Филатов, Роман Лункин. Северный Кавказ: горские народы в поисках религиозной идентичности

10. Сергей Филатов. Якутия перед религиозным выбором: шаманизм или христианство.

11. Сергей Филатов, Лоуренс Юззелл. Хакасия. Сгусток религиозных проблем Сибири.

12. Филип Уолтерс. Религия в Тыве
(Перевод с английского Нины Беляковой).

13. Сергей Филатов. Алтайский Бурханизм.

14. Людмила Воронцова, Сергей Филатов. Старообрядчество: в поисках потерянного града Китежа.

15. Сергей Филатов, Людмила Воронцова. Католики и католицизм в России.

16. Сергей Филатов. Феномен российского протестантизма.

17. Сергей Филатов, Александра Стёпина. Российское лютеранство.

18. Роман Лункин. Пятидесятники: новая формула возрождения христианства?

19. Владимир Пореш. Русский буддизм, как это возможно?

20. Роман Лункин. Нехристианские народы России перед лицом христианства.

21. Сергей Филатов. Новые Религиозные движения –угроза или норма жизни?

22. Роман Лункин, Сергей Филатов. Рерихианство: синтетическое мировоззрение или новая религия?

23. Сергей Филатов. Послесловие. Религия в постсоветской России.

 

 

Russian Rover

Russian Review

Read the latest edition 70

Letter from the chairman

I have been working with the Council to forge a new vision for Keston and to define our role in the 21st century - it is now over 26 years since the Berlin Wall came down.
Read more

View The Encyclopaedia

Religious Life in Russia Today (new edition), Volume 1.

Religious Life in Russia Today (new edition), Volume 2.

 
Copyright © 2017 Keston Institute website design : beachshore
Keston Institute is the operating name of Keston College, a company registered in England No. 991413, and registered charity No. 314103.