Issue 5, Articles 14-15, 12 May 2000

Immediate reporting on violations of religious liberty and on religion in
communist and post-communist lands.


Friday 12 May 2000

by Vladimir Pribylovsky, Keston News Service

Following the elections in December 1999 to the lower house of the Russian
parliament, the State Duma, a new Committee for Social and Religious
Organisations was chosen at the beginning of the year. Zorkaltsev was
appointed chairman of the committee on 19 January 2000 as a result of a
`package agreement'. On 26 January Davydov, Makhachev and Chuyev were
elected as vice chairs. The Committee, made up of six deputies, was confirmed
on 28 January. On 9 February, Vladimir Lukin (of Yabloko) and Yarygina
joined the committee. Lakhova was selected as an additional vice-chair on 9
February. Lukin left the committee in February to take up his post as deputy
chair of the State Duma and was replaced as a committee member by Kovalev.

The current membership of the Committee is:
VIKTOR ZORKALTSEV (Communist Party of the Russian Federation -
ALEKSANDR DAVYDOV (Agroindustrial Group)
YEKATERINA LAKHOVA (Fatherland-All Russia)
GADZHI MAKHACHEV (People's Deputy Group)
Committee members:
SERGEI KOVALEV (Union of Right Forces)
ANATOLY CHEKIS (Agroindustrial Group)



Friday 12 May 2000

by Vladimir Pribylovsky, Keston News Service

Deputy of the State Duma in all three terms (1993-1995, 1995-1999, 1999-).
Born on 29 August 1936 in Bukhte De-Kastri, Ulchsky district in Khabarovsk
region, Russian. Completed his studies at Tomsk Institute of Structural
Engineering in 1960. Member of the CPSU from 1962. 1960-64 followed his
profession. In 1964 started work for the CPSU. 1964-67 local party section
leader, then secretary of the Tomsk regional committee of the Komsomol.
After completing his studies at Higher Party School he held party posts in the
Tomsk region. From 1984-85 he was second secretary at the Tomsk regional
party committee. In 1986 he became a member of the Central Committee of the
CPSU. From 1986-1990 he was first secretary of the Tomsk regional party
committee. From 1991-93 he was a member of the Socialist Workers Party. In
1993 he became a member of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.
Since January 1995 he has been a member of the Presidium of the Central
Committee of the CPRF. Considers himself an Orthodox Christian. He is a
colonel in the reserves. Has been awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the
October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner, the Order of Merit.

Deputy of the State Duma for the first and third terms (1993-1995, 1999-).
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Agroindustrial Workers' Union.
Born on 20 March 1932 in Pervomaisk in Voroshilovgrad region of Ukraine
into a peasant family, Russian. In 1953 he completed his studies at the Saratov
Legal Institute, in 1964 he completed his studies as an external student at the
Volgograd Agricultural Institute and in 1967 completed a course at the
Academy of Social Sciences. He was awarded a degree in economics in 1967.
Following the completion of his studies at the Saratov Legal Institute he
worked in the Procuracy for a year. From 1954-82 he was involved in
Komsomol and party work in Volgograd region and in the organisational
department of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In 1982 he started trade
union work, as head of department at the agroindustrial section of the All
Union Central Trade Union Council. During the presidential campaign of 1996
he supported communist leader Gennadi Zyuganov.

Deputy of the State Duma for the first and third terms (1993-1995, 1999-).
Chair of the Russian Women's Socio-Political Movement. Former adviser to
the Presidency. Born in Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) on 26 May 1948. Russian.
Completed her studies at the Sverdlovsk State Medical Institute in 1972.
Doctor of sciences (1997, dissertation on the `social and political adaptation of
women in the years of reform'). Was a member of the CPSU until it was
banned in August 1991. In 1972-76 she worked as a paediatrician at the
Sverdlovsk city hospital. In 1976-78 she undertook a course of clinical studies
at the Sverdlovsk State Medical Institute. In 1981-87 was deputy head at the
municipal department for maternal and child health. From 1987-1990 was
deputy head at the central health administration at the Sverdlovsk regional
executive committee with responsibility for maternal and child health. In 1991
appointed as a state adviser on family issues, maternal and child health. From
August 1992 until January 1994 was an adviser to the president on family,
maternal and child health issues. From January 1994 she chaired the committee
on women's, family and demographic issues at the Presidency. In October 1993
she became one of the organisers of the political movement Women of Russia.
In 1997 she left the movement and set up the Russian Women's Socio-Political
Movement. On 28 January 1997 she joined the permanent Commission for the
improvement of the conditions of women in Russia. From 23 January - 18
December 1997 she was a member of the Russian government council on
questions of social development. She was appointed by the government on 28
August 1997 to the coordinating committee established to implement the UN
Declaration on the Rights of the Child and the Universal Declaration for the
Survival, Defence and Development of Children. On 6 March 1998 she joined
the government commission for the drafting of state national policy. Since
December 1998 she has been a member of the Central Committee of the
Fatherland party led by Yuri Luzhkov. In September 1999 she was included in
the list of candidates of the Fatherland - All Russia bloc for elections to the
third term of the State Duma and was elected on 19 December 1999.

Deputy of the State Duma (third term, 1999-). Former deputy chairman of the
Government of the Republic of Dagestan, leader of the People's Front of
Dagestan, general director of the Rosneft-Dagneft oil company. Born on 19
March 1951 in Khasavyurt, Avar. Completed studies at the Dagestan State
University with qualifications in economy and law. In spring 1967 was arrested
for robbery and rape. On 19 June 1967 was sentenced to three years'
imprisonment under articles 89.2 and 145.2 of the Russian Criminal Code. Was
released early in 1968. During the 1970s he was involved in business activities
and by the beginning of the 1980s he controlled meat and dairy production in
Khasavyurt. On 19 December 1980 he was sentenced to six years
imprisonment by the Supreme Court of Dagestan for infringement of articles
108.1(serious bodily harm), 112.1 (actual bodily harm) and 218.1 (illegal
possession, carrying or acquisition of weapons, military supplies or explosives)
of the Russian Criminal Code. In 1982 was again released early from prison
with compulsory directive to work on a collective farm. In 1988 he organised
and by 1991 headed the Imam Shamil Avar People's Front, which soon became
the leading organisation of the Avar national movement. The main aim of the
APF was to defend the interests of Avars who had moved from the
mountainous regions of Dagestan to the plains, which were formerly the
territory of Kumyks, Russians, Nogai and Chechens. In September 1991 the
Avar Peoples Front announced a general mobilisation of Avar fighters in the
Kazbek region of Dagestan to fight against Chechens and Akkins.
Confrontation was avoided following negotiations led by Ruslan Khasbulatov
and Ramazan Abdulatipov. In October 1991 APF fighters attempted to mount a
pogrom against the tent village of `Tenglikyurt' near Khasavyurt. On 23
October 1991 several hundred fighters, armed with machine guns and pistols,
set off in trucks and cars to destroy Tenglikyurt. The confrontation was stopped
by the local militia, who stood between theAvars and the Kumyks. In
December 1991 during a session of the Dagestani Supreme Soviet Makhachev
demanded the creation of an Avar region in the Kumyk plains. In 1992 he
added his signature to a declaration made by the leaders of a number of North
Caucasian peoples movements expressing his readiness to send volunteers into
Abkhazia to counter `Georgian aggression'. In Spring 1992 several APF
activists were arrested in Kizilyurt for the illegal possession of firearms. The
arrests caused massive disturbances in Makhachkala, during which the deputy
minister of internal affairs and the deputy security minister of Dagestan were
taken hostage. They were exchanged for the arrested APF activists. The
ministry of justice and the procuracy of Dagestan demanded that the APF be
banned but the republican Supreme court rejected this demand. In August 1992
an attempt was made on Makhachev's life. In 1991-92 he maintained close
links with the Chechen leadership and was vice-president of the Confederation
of Caucasian Peoples. On 5 October 1992 at a `Caucasian home' round table
discussion he pledged the support of the Dagestan peoples for the government
of Djokhar Dudayev, announcing that `soon a free Dagestan with a free
government will join the family of fraternal Caucasian peoples'. In June 1993
fighters of the APF and the Lak movement `Kazi-Kumukh' took members of
the Kizlyar town soviet hostage, demanding the release of two local inhabitants
who had been arrested by the Kizlyar militia for criminal activity, and the
withdrawal of Russian special interior ministry troops from the town. In 1993
he was appointed deputy director of the oil conglomerate Dagneft and
following his appointment temporarily ceased his political struggles. In autumn
the same year he was excluded from the list of candidates from the electoral
bloc `The Party of Russian Unity and Accord', led by Sergei Shakrai, because
of his criminal record. His was unsuccessful in his attempt to get elected to the
Duma from a Makhachkala constituency. On 5 March 1995 he was elected as a
deputy in the People's Parliament of Dagestan. In 1998 he became general
director of `Dagneft'. In Spring 1998 he was again unsuccessful in his attempts
to get elected to the State Duma. His campaign was supported by the `Native
Dagestan' movement. On 3 March 1998 he was appointed deputy chairman of
the Dagestan government (despite the fact that he retained his position as
director of Dagneft and his place in the People's Parliament, which contradicted
the Dagestan constitution). On 11 November 1998 he joined the political
council of the `Union of Democracy and Labour' movement, led by General
Andrei Nikolayev. He left the movement in 1999. In August 1999, when
Islamic fighters made incursions into Dagestan from Chechnya, Makhachev,
under the slogans `defend our native Dagestan' and `Dagestan - forever with
Russia', effectively legalised divisions of his fighters, who as `home guards'
took control of several regions in the republic. On 19 December 1999 he was
elected to the Russian State Duma, having received 62.39 per cent of the vote.
In January 2000 he joined the `People's Deputy' faction of the Duma. He is a
member of the permanent State Duma Commission on the National Debt and
International Assets. At the beginning of April 2000 he was part of a Duma
delegation to the parliamentary assembly of the Council of Europe. Following
his extreme declarations (to questions on Chechnya) he was berated in the
corridors of the assembly. He knocked his political opponent down with a
single blow. He is a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the
Republic of Dagestan. Has been decorated `for personal bravery' (1996).

Deputy of the State Duma (third term, 1999-). Chair of the political council of
the Russian Christian Democratic Party. Born on 27 August 1965 in Moscow,
Russian. In 1982-85 he studied at the Moscow Energy Institute, but did not
complete his studies. In 1992 he studied as an external student in the history
department at the Institute of Culture. In 1983-88 he was active in the
Independent Singers Club. In June 1988 he joined the Democratic Union party
and in October was elected member of its Central Coordinating Committee. He
edited some first issues of the Democratic Union newspaper, Svobodnoye
slovo. In February 1989 he left the party, publishing an open letter accusing its
leaders of immorality and political extremism. In his letter, he admitted that in
October 1988 he had assisted in the falsification of elections to the Central
Coordinating Committee of the Democratic Union Party by tampering with
ballot papers. In 1989 he attached himself to the initiative group of the
Christian Democratic Union of Russia (CDUR) led by Aleksandr Ogorodnikov
and in August was made a member of the political consultative council of the
CDUR and deputy chair of media relations. He edited the party journal Vestnik
khristianskoi demokratii. At the end of 1989 he went abroad. At the beginning
of 1990, while Ogorodnikov was out of the country, he tried to bring about a
revolution in the CDUR, announcing that Ogorodnikov had been removed from
his post as chairman. Following the failure of this attempt Chuyev and a group
of his supporters founded the Russian Christian Democratic Party (RCDP) on
12 May 1990 and he was made chairman of the organising committee.
Ogorodnikov accused him of stealing technical equipment which had been
donated by Western sponsors (computers, fax, photocopier). This was first
denied, but Chuyev later returned one item of equipment (a fax machine) in the
presence of one of the donors, still maintaining, however, that the remainder
had been stolen by persons unknown. On 17 February 1991 at a meeting of
local representatives of the RCDP he was appointed chairman of the
coordinating committee of the party. In April 1991 he supported the `Young
Russia' leader Dimitri Glinsky's initiative to form the Alliance of Independent
Russia, which wanted Russia to leave the USSR. The first congress of the
RCDP took place on 29-30 June and Chuyev was made a member of the ten-
strong political council and editor of the party journal (in 1993 the collective
leadership was abolished and Chuyev became chairman). In 1991 he became
chairman of a trading company that dealt in religious and pornographic
literature. In October 1991 the Moscow organisation of the RCDP was
accepted into the Moscow division of the Democratic Russia Movement and in
November the RCDP was made a collective member of the Movement. Chuyev
represented the RCDP in the Coordinating Council of the Movement up till
1993, when his party left the movement. In 1995 he failed to get elected to the
Duma as a member of the International Union block led by Abdullah
Mikitayev, which failed to reach the 5% threshold. At the end of 1995 he and
his party joined the movement `Reform - New Course' led by Vladimir
Shumeiko and he was made a member of its Council. He campaigned with this
movement for the reelection of Boris Yeltsin to the Presidency in 1996. When
reregistered at the Ministry of Justice in December 1997, the RCDP called
itself a former member of the Yabloko bloc in the 1993 elections (although it
was a different Christian Democratic party, that led by Vitali Savitsky, which
was a member of this bloc). As a result the RCDP was not only the first to
achieve reregistration but was registered in the Central Electoral Register as
having received 7.86% of the vote with other members of the Yabloko
coalition in the 1993 elections. Having left the Reform New Course movement,
Chuyev helped to establish the Union of Democracy and Labour, led by
General Andrei Nikolayev, in May 1998 and became a member of the political
committee. In the autumn he left the party apparently because of its
cooperation with the Russian People's Patriotic Union led by Gennadi
Zyuganov. On 19 December 1999 he was elected people's deputy on the
Yedinstvo list. In January 2000 he registered with the Yedinstvo faction in the
Duma. On 27 February he was made a member of the Yedinstvo political

Deputy of the State Duma (all three terms - 1993-95, 1995-99, 1999-). Born on
2 March 1930 in Seredina-Buda in Sumy region of Ukraine, Russian.
Completed his studies at the faculty of biology at Moscow State University in
1954, specialised in human and animal physiology. Doctor of biology 1964.
Following completion of his studies he worked at Moscow State University. In
1970-74, following dismissal from Moscow State University for political
reasons, he worked as a senior scientific officer at the Moscow fishbreeding
experimental station. From 1967 he became active in the defence of human
rights. In 1969 he met Andrei Sakharov and soon became a close friend. Was a
founding member of the Initiative Group for the Defence of Human Rights in
the USSR, joining in 28 May 1968. This group ceased its activity in 1974 as a
result of continuing repressions. From September 1974 Kovalev was a member
of the Soviet branch of Amnesty International which, initially consisting of 11
members, was broken up by the KGB in 1977. On 28 December 1974 Kovalev
was arrested and sentenced on 12 December 1975 to 7 years strict regime
labour camp and 3 years exile for `anti-Soviet propaganda'. His trial in Vilnius
was attended by Sakharov. He remained in prison and in exile until 1984. In
January 1990 he joined the Democratic Russia electoral bloc. In February 1993
he was made a member of the Presidential Council. In August 1993 he was
made a member of the Russian Federation UNESCO commission. In
November 1993, by Presidential Decree he was made chairman of the
Commission for Human Rights at the Presidency. In December 1994 he spoke
out against the bombardment of Grozny and the deployment of Russian troops
in Chechnya. He travelled to Grozny, where he remained with a group of
deputies until 5 January 1995, while Russian troops were subjecting the town
to constant bombardment. He several times called upon Yeltsin and
Chernomyrdin to cease military action and to enter negotiations with Dudayev.
At the beginning of March 1995 the State Duma removed him from his post as
representative for human rights. On 19 December 1999 he was elected as
deputy from the general federal list of the Union of Right Forces.

Deputy of the State Duma (third term, 1999-). Chairman of the federation of
trade unions of the Kuzbass. Born on 23 November 1949 in Kattakurgan in
Samarkand region of Uzbekistan. In 1967-68 he worked as an artist in the
municipal park of culture in Kattakurgan. In 1968 he entered the Sverdlovsk
Agricultural Institute, completing his studies in 1973 and qualifying as a
livestock specialist. In 1973-76 he worked as the senior livestock specialist at
the Kubitetsk state farm in the Tyazhinsky district of Kemerovo region. In
1976-81 he was director of the Vostochny state farm in Tyazhinsky district.
Was a member of the CPSU from 1976-91. In 1981-85 he was second secretary
of the Tisul regional committee of the CPSU. From 1985-86 he was an
instructor at the department for the organisation of party work at the Kemerovo
regional party committee. From April 1986 to 1990 he was secretary of the
Kemerovo regional council of unions belonging to the Federation of
Independent Trade Unions of Russia. On 19 December 1999 he was elected as
deputy on the Communist Party of the Russian Federation list. He belongs to
the Agroindustrial Group of Deputies in the State Duma.

Three times deputy in the State Duma (1993-95, 1995-99, 1999-). A leading
specialist at the Centre of Economic and Political Research. Born on 2 March
1953 in Ulyanovsk, Russian. Completed her studies in the faculty of economics
at Moscow State University in 1975. Doctor of economics (dissertation studied
the problems of the interplay between supply and demand, prices and income).
Did not join the CPSU. From 1979-83 she worked as a correspondent for the
weekly Ekonomicheskaya gazeta. From 1983-90 she was head of the
department for the standard of living of the population at the Institute of
Labour at the State Committee for Labour, where her academic expertise was
drawn upon in developing state social programmes. In 1990 as part of Grigori
Yavlinsky's group she participated in the preparation of the `500 days'
programme for the transfer to a market economy. At the same time she became
a member of the State commission for economic reform at the RSFSR Council
of Ministers, dealing with issues of social reform. Following the abandonment
of the 500 days programme, she along with Yavlinsky and other members of
the team established an independent social organisation - the Centre for Social
and Economic Research - in December 1990. She coordinates the charitable
activities of the Centre. On 12 December 1993 she was elected to the Duma
from the Yabloko bloc. From January 1994 - December 1995 was deputy chair
of the State Duma committee for labour and social security, a member of the
Yabloko faction. Since January 1995 she has been a member of the Federal
Council of Yabloko organisations. She was reelected to the Duma on 19
December 1999 as part of the Yabloko list. (END)

Copyright (c) 2000 Keston Institute. All rights reserved.